The most free-thinking of the major philosophers of Islam, al-Razi was born in Rayy, where he was well trained in the Greek sciences. He was reputedly well versed in musical theory and performance before becoming a physician.
He also wrote on medicine, physics, astronomy, literature, history and law. He was accused of rationalism, despite the fact that he restored many to the orthodox faith. His commentary on the Quran was the most-varied and many-sided of all extant works of the kind, comprising most of the material of importance that had previously appeared.
He devoted himself to a wide range of studies, and is said to have expended a large fortune on experiments in alchemy.
In his later years, he also showed interest in mysticism, though this never formed a significant part of his thought. This work contains much of philosophical interest. One of his "major concerns was the self-sufficiency of the intellect.
He tried to reorganize the arguments of theologians and philosophers on this subject, collected and critically examined the arguments of both sides. It seems that he adapted different thoughts of diverse schools, such as those of Mutazilite and Asharite, in his exegesis, The Great Commentary.
Al-Razi rejected the Aristotelian and Avicennian notions of a single universe revolving around a single world.
He describes their main arguments against the existence of multiple worlds or universes, pointing out their weaknesses and refuting them. He discussed more on the issue of the void — the empty spaces between stars and constellations in the universe, that contain few or no stars — in greater detail in volume 5 of the Matalib.
He argued that there exists an infinite outer space beyond the known world, and that God has the power to fill the vacuum with an infinite number of universes. List of works Al-Razi had written over a hundred works on a wide variety of subjects.
|Biography[ edit ] Colophon of Razi's Book of Medicine.|
His major works include: Al-Razi wrote al-Matalib during his writing of al-Tafsir and he died before completing both works.Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī or Fakhruddin Razi (Persian: فخر الدين رازي ) was an Iranian Sunni Muslim theologian and philosopher He was born in in Rey (in modern-day Iran), and died in in Herat (in modern-day Afghanistan).
Al-Razi was the first in many areas of medicine and treatment and the health sciences in general. In particular, he was a pioneer in the fields of pediatrics, obstetrics and ophthalmology.
According to Zahoor his contribution in medicine was so great that it can only be compared to that of Ibn Sina (Avicenna).
Al-Rāzī: Al-Razi was a celebrated alchemist and Muslim philosopher who is also considered to have been the greatest physician of the Islamic world. In medicine he was an admirer of Hippocrates, and in philosophy he was a professed follower of Socrates and Plato and an opponent of Aristotle. Fakhr al-Din al-Razi or Fakhruddin Razi (Arabic: فخر الدين الرازي) was a Persian Sunni Muslim theologian and philosopher He was born in in Rey (in today's Iran), and .
Toona, commonly known as redcedar, toon (also spelled tun) or toona, is a genus in the mahogany family, Meliaceae, native from Afghanistan south to India, and east to North Korea, Papua New Guinea and eastern Australia. In older texts, the genus was often incorporated within a wider circumscription of the related genus Cedrela, but that genus is now restricted to species from the Americas. Razi’s book: al-Judari wa al-Hasbah (On Smallpox and Measles) was the first book describing smallpox and measles as distinct diseases. It was translated more than a dozen times into Latin and other European languages. Al-Razi then asked him how many layers does the eye contain and when he was unable to answer he refused his services and the ointment stating “my eyes will not be treated by one who does not know the basics of its anatomy”.
Al-Razi's rationalism undoubtedly "holds an important place in the debate in the Islamic tradition on the harmonization of reason and revelation." Development of Kalam. Al-Razi's development of Kalam (Islamic scholastic theology) led to the evolution and flourishing of theology among caninariojana.comtion: Iranian Scientist.
Al-Razi admits that he will never be a Socrates, and cautions against anyone's expecting in short order to rival Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Theophrastus, Eudemus, Chrysippus, Themistius or Alexander of .