Is Good Action Research Impossible? I am a researcher and doctoral student in a large development studies institute in the United Kingdom, and issues about the ethics and practicalities of "doing action research" apply fully to the nature of work colleagues and I are carrying out.
Such entities exist increasingly in an interdependent world, and are relying on Action Research as a means of coming to grips with their constantly changing and turbulent environments.
The evolution of the approach Action research paradigm capella be described, including the various kinds of action research being used today. The role of the action researcher will be briefly mentioned, and some ethical considerations discussed.
The tools of the action researcher, particularly that of the use of search conferences, will be explained. Finally three case studies will be briefly described, two of which pertain to action research projects involving information technology, a promising area needing further research.
Definition Action research is known by many other names, including participatory research, collaborative inquiry, emancipatory research, action learning, and contextural action research, but all are variations on a theme.
While this is the essence of the approach, there are other key attributes of action research that differentiate it from common problem-solving activities that we all engage in every day.
A more succinct definition is, "Action research Thus, there is a dual commitment in action research to study a system and concurrently to collaborate with members of the system in changing it in what is together regarded as a desirable direction.
Accomplishing this twin goal requires the active collaboration of researcher and client, and thus it stresses the importance of co-learning as a primary aspect of the research process. Several attributes separate action research from other types of research. Primary is its focus on turning the people involved into researchers, too - people learn best, and more willingly apply what they have learned, when they do it themselves.
It also has a social dimension - the research takes place in real-world situations, and aims to solve real problems. Finally, the initiating researcher, unlike in other disciplines, makes no attempt to remain objective, but openly acknowledges their bias to the other participants.
Stephen Kemmis has developed a simple model of the cyclical nature of the typical action research process Figure 1.
Each cycle has four steps: He distinguishes five phases to be conducted within each research cycle Figure 2. Initially, a problem is identified and data is collected for a more detailed diagnosis.
This is followed by a collective postulation of several possible solutions, from which a single plan of action emerges and is implemented. Data on the results of the intervention are collected and analyzed, and the findings are interpreted in light of how successful the action has been.
At this point, the problem is re-assessed and the process begins another cycle. This process continues until the problem is resolved. Figure 2 Detailed Action Research Model adapted from Susman What gives action research its unique flavour is the set of principles that guide the research.
Winter provides a comprehensive overview of six key principles. Truth in a social setting, however, is relative to the teller.
The principle of reflective critique ensures people reflect on issues and processes and make explicit the interpretations, biases, assumptions and concerns upon which judgments are made. In this way, practical accounts can give rise to theoretical considerations.
Phenomena are conceptualized in dialogue, therefore a dialectical critique is required to understand the set of relationships both between the phenomenon and its context, and between the elements constituting the phenomenon.
The key elements to focus attention on are those constituent elements that are unstable, or in opposition to one another.The dominant approach or paradigm in management and organizational studies has been positivism and its successors (explanation, hypothetico-deductive, multi-method eclecticism).
These approaches are defined primarily action research cycle. The action researcher is immersed in the research setting. Unit 5 Discussion 1 The Action Research Paradigm Protocol (ARPP) developed by Capella University includes a series of ten steps divided into three categories making up the action research inquiry cycle.
The first category is the Inquiry Cycle Part I consisting of planning and researching for problem solving includes steps (1) diagnosing the problem, (2) generating alternatives, (3) designing %(2).
Unit 5 Discussion 1 The Action Research Paradigm Protocol (ARPP) developed by Capella University includes a series of ten steps divided into three categories making up the action research inquiry cycle%(2).
Action research is known by many other names, including participatory research, collaborative inquiry, emancipatory research, action learning, and contextural action research, but all are variations on a theme.
Inquiry and research are at the heart of the action research methodology (Capella University, ). Researchers are required to take an objective point of view and ensure that data, qualitative and quantitative, is captured accurately.
EDD Becoming a Critical Consumer of Action Research Steps 1, 2, and 3 of Action Research As part of the Doctor of Education program, Capella University developed the Action Research Paradigm Protocol (ARPP). The ARPP describes the three parts of the action research (AR) cycle.