Biography Early life and background Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi  was born on 2 October  into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Baniya family  in Porbandar also known as Sudamapuria coastal town on the Kathiawar Peninsula and then part of the small princely state of Porbandar in the Kathiawar Agency of the Indian Empire. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi —served as the diwan chief minister of Porbandar state. His first two wives died young, after each had given birth to a daughter, and his third marriage was childless.
Even his casual asides have a surprising relevance to our own times. Europe will no longer be Europe. The worst fate for a prophet is for his predictions to come true, when everyone resents him for being so clear-eyed. A single deranged man with a mail-order rifle was a more sinister threat than Big Brother, whether in jackboots or a white lab coat.
But as Nicholas Murray makes clear in his generous and intelligent biography, Huxley soon escaped the Bloomsburies.
He had far deeper roots in the Victorian age, with a rich mix of high- mindedness and a secure moral compass that we find baffling in our culture of soundbite philosophy and focus-group wisdom. In many ways, Huxley was the last of the great Victorian novelists.
Matthew Arnold was his great-uncle, and his aunt was the novelist Mrs Humphry Ward.
Secure in this intellectual aristocracy, he might have rebelled and become a great mid-century English eccentric, a liberally minded chairman of the board of film censors, or the first openly agnostic Archbishop of Canterbury.
However, at the age of 16, while an Eton schoolboy, he caught a serious eye infection that left him blind for a year and may have forced him into a more interior vision of himself.
With his one good eye, he read English at Oxford, perhaps the best perspective to take on this dubious subject. He was immensely tall, six feet four-and-a-half inches. Christopher Isherwood said that he was "too tall.
I felt an enormous zoological separation from him. The young Huxley must have had immense charm. In the final minutes before his death, Lawrence suddenly panicked and cried out to Maria Huxley, begging her to keep him alive.
She embraced him, and he died peacefully as her husband watched. Maria was a wartime Belgian refugee whom Huxley met at Garsington and married in Murray describes their marriage as intensely close and happy, although Maria was an active bisexual.
Huxley seems to have taken quickly to their special version of open marriage. They pursued the same lovers together, like a pair of sexual confidence tricksters: Maria encouraging Aldous, introducing him to the beautiful women he admired, preparing the amatory ground and saving him the fatigue of prolonged courtship.
Jealousy and possessiveness, which so handicap the rest of us, seemed never to have touched Huxley, an emotional deficit that some readers have noticed in his novels.
In the late s, when they moved to Los Angeles, Maria became a member of the "sewing circle", a club of prominent Hollywood lesbians reputed to include Marlene Dietrich and Greta Garbo.
Despite the large sales of Brave New Worldthe Huxleys were never rich, and inwhen they sailed for America on the Normandie, they travelled tourist. Thomas Mann, travelling first class, visited them in the tourist lounge and reported that the meeting was not a success, tactfully blaming the language barrier.
Arriving in the US, which he was never to leave, except on brief trips, Huxley found his true home. At first he was critical of the country, uneasy at the strange coexistence of puritanism and hedonism.
Unlike many of his fellow writers who emigrated to Hollywood and snobbishly refused to adapt to the film medium, Huxley became a successful screenwriter, with credits for Pride and Prejudice and Jane Eyre.This essay offers a summary and an analysis of Aldous Huxley's "Brave New World." It situates the novel in historical, societal, religious, scientific, and biographical contexts.
A dystopian fiction, "Brave New World" looks ahead to a future when individuals will essentially cease to exist.
If our concept of ideology remains the classic one in which the illusion is located in knowledge, then today's society must appear post-ideological: the prevailing ideology is that of cynicism; people no longer believe in ideological truth; they do not take ideological propositions seriously.
Literary analysis of “Brave New World.” In the Sci-fi futuristic novel “Brave New World”, published in , Aldous Huxley introduces the idea of the utopian society, achieved through technological advancement in biology and chemistry, such as cloning and the use of controlled substances.
Margaret Atwood, author of the dystopian The Handmaid's Tale, writes on Huxley's dystopian Brave New World, in The Guardian, 17 Nov.
"Aldous Huxley." An admiring interview with Aldous Huxley, in , in which he discusses his writing habits and his current book project, Island.
In the novel “Brave New World” by Aldous Huxley the setting is a utopia. In this world people are constantly happy, babies are cloned, and, ‘everyone belongs to everyone else.’ The criticism which I chose was written by Margaret Cheney Dawson, on February 7th, Film and Consumerism - There was a time when everything was so simple, uniform, certain and solid.
When people continue living the same way for many generations, but as Marshall Berman once said, “All that is solid melts into the air”.