Following the sale of the railroad business, Murry proposed a plan to get a new start for his family by moving to Texas and becoming a rancher. Maud disagreed with this proposition, however, and they moved instead to Oxford, Mississippiwhere Murry's father owned several businesses, making it easy for Murry to find work. Both his mother and grandmother were avid readers as well as painters and photographers, educating him in visual language. While Murry enjoyed the outdoors and encouraged his sons to hunt, track, and fish, Maud valued education and took pleasure in reading and going to church.
These best of his earlier Yoknapatawpha novels vary in structure but are alike in one point—an obscurity that results from unusual, complicated organization and presentation. The Sound and the Fury has multiple narrators, extended streams of consciousness, and subtle time shifts.
It is divided into four, at times seemingly disconnected, parts. Light in August has three narratives interwoven, with past and present intermixed. As I Lay Dying is a series of numerous brief chapters, each a stream of consciousness, usually but not always by a member of the Bundren family.
Faulkner himself and some of his major critics have recommended The Unvanquished as the best starting place. In spite of multiple narratives, real and metaphorical, there is one narrator: Bayard Sartoris, an old man recalling experiences of his early life during the American Civil War.
Several viewpoints are presented, but all by him. Time is interrupted by an occasional flashback or digression, but generally the thrust is chronological, once the digressive nature of the entire narrative is recognized.
Violence and hardship are moderated by generous doses of good-natured humor. Because Bayard Sartoris is a rather normal adolescent through much of the plot, his viewpoint is not tedious. Another good entree into Faulkner is Intruder in the Dust, in which the traditional form of single narrator and chronological time are, with some lapses, followed.
Place is extremely important to Faulkner; in most of his better works his setting is the fictional Yoknapatawpha County based in part on his own home county of Lafayettewith its town of Jefferson, largely Oxford renamed and without the state university he moves Oxford and the university to another site.
Faulkner uses local people, including members of his own family: Falkner, becomes old Bayard Sartoris; his great-grandfather, a mythic figure with a shady past and a record of violence, Civil War experience, and public leadership, becomes Colonel John Sartoris.
Various other characters are based on one or more real people. Similarly, the narratives are based on tales, often traditions handed down by his family or others.
In turn, he might borrow freely from history or classical mythology, from existentialism, psychology, the Bible, or any of the numerous books that he read. Next to the Bible, he most often mentioned Miguel de Cervantes, author of El ingenioso hidalgo don Quixote de la Mancha,Don Quixote de la Mancha, Following the philosophy of Henri Bergson, the French thinker, Faulkner did not view time as chronological.
There may even be an occasional sentence that goes on for pages. He believed in God but did not pretend to be a Christian.
He borrowed freely from the Bible, yet used as parallels to Christ uncouth characters such as Joe Christmas in Light in August. His attitude toward race, especially toward black and white relations, angered whites and blacks, integrationists and segregationists.
William Faulkner, in full William Cuthbert Faulkner, original surname Falkner, (born September 25, , New Albany, Mississippi, U.S.—died July 6, , Byhalia, Mississippi), American novelist and short-story writer who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. After winning the Nobel Prize for Literature in , William Faulkner’s second recognition is perhaps that of receiving a mention in Gabriel García Márquez‘s acceptance speech for . William Faulkner Biography - William Faulkner wrote works of psychological drama and emotional depth, typically with long serpentine prose and high, meticulously-chosen diction. - William Faulkner Biography and List of Works - William Faulkner Books.
He was in favor of moderate, gradual integration. In his works, he often treats the themes of incest and miscegenation; sometimes they are combined, as in Absalom, Absalom!
His attitude toward the American South combines regional pride with shame at offenses past and present.
His complex treatment avoids the two extremes that one often finds in works about the South—squalid poverty on one hand, magnolias and hooped skirts on the other.Nov 20, · William Faulkner American Literature Analysis.
Faulkner’s works, like their creator, are highly complex. His style has caused much difficulty for readers, especially if The Sound and the Fury, Light in August, As I Lay Dying, or Absalom, Absalom!
is the reader’s introduction to Faulkner.
photo of William Faulkner by Carl Van Vechten, public domain photo. William Faulkner () Literary criticism and analysis for the twentieth-century American novelist and short-story writer William Faulkner.
My goal in this paper is to represent a literary analysis of William Faulkner’s short story Barn Burning. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to define the major themes developed by the author, to give the analysis of the main characters and to define what symbols are used by the author to support the story line and mood of the.
Sep 22, · Essays and criticism on William Faulkner, including the works Sartoris, The Sound and the Fury, Sanctuary, Light in August, Absalom, Absalom!, “The Bear”, “Spotted Horses” - Magill's. Sep 21, · William Faulkner: William Faulkner, American writer who won the Nobel Prize for Literature and is best known for his works .
Study Guides on Works by William Faulkner Absalom, Absalom William Faulkner Absalom, Absalom! was published in , after Faulkner's three seminal novels The Sound and the Fury (), As I Lay Dying () and A Light in August ().