Today's polar bear is superbly adapted to life in the Arctic Wolly mammoth cold adaptation The mammoth parted from Elephants in Africa million years ago. Artic fox cold adaptation The artic fox split off 3 million years ago. There is no compelling evidence for artificial warming with fires or tailormade clothes in Neanderthals.
The face, which is preserved in only a few specimens, is massively constructed, and its lower parts project forward. The bone forming the wall of the nose is thinner and more everted than in earlier Homo or Australopithecus, and the nasal bridge is relatively high and prominent.
This development suggests that H. Such a physiological advantage would have allowed early African H. The braincase is low, with thick bones and sides that taper upward. Over the eye sockets is a strongly jutting browridge supraorbital torus.
There is a flattened forehead, and the part of the cranium immediately behind the browridge is appreciably constricted from side to side. A low ridge or crest of bone extends from the frontal bone along the midline of some skulls, and there tend to be strongly developed crests in the ear region.
The broad-based skull has another ridge running across it. The area where the neck muscles attach is much larger than in H.
Other distinguishing features in H. The lower jaw itself is deep and robust and lacks chin development. The teeth are on the whole larger than those of Homo sapiens. Painting by Zdenek Burian; reproduced with permission The femur is the most commonly recovered noncranial fossil.
Apart from the puzzling Trinil specimen, a number of femurs have been found at Zhoukoudian, and more have been recovered from sites in Africa.
These bones resemble those of modern humans, and H.
Its skeleton is robust, suggesting that the lifestyle of H. The limb bones also supply information about the size of H. Size influences behaviour and various aspects of anatomy, including bodily proportions. One measure of size is stature, or height. Although he was not fully grown, it is thought that the boy would have reached cm 6 feet in height.
The total pattern of the bodily structure of H. Parts of its skeleton are more robust, but it is otherwise comparable to that of modern humans. The brain is relatively small, though not so small as that of Australopithecus and H.
Unlike Homo sapiens and H. Some paleoanthropologists maintain that H. These scientists point instead to early African H. Homo erectus Homo erectus (upright man) is an extinct species of hominin that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene, with the earliest first fossil evidence dating to around million years ago and the most recent to around , years ago.
The species originated in Africa and spread as far as England, Georgia, India, Sri Lanka, China and Java. In common usage, the word "human" generally refers to the only extant species of the genus Homo—anatomically and behaviorally modern Homo sapiens..
In scientific terms, the meanings of "hominid" and "hominin" have changed during the recent decades with advances in the discovery and study of the fossil ancestors of modern caninariojana.com previously clear boundary between humans and . Homo erectus show the progression of characteristics that has so far culminated at modern humans.
These fossils showed an increase in cranial capacity to about cm3, quite advanced when compared to the – cm3 shown in slightly earlier Homo. Homo erectus also showed a progression toward a larger body size, with an [ ].
The free Anthropology research paper (Homo Erectus essay) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.
If you need fresh and competent research / writing on Anthropology, use the professional writing service offered by our company. Homo heidelbergensis is an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans in the genus Homo of the Middle Pleistocene (between about , and , years ago), known from fossils found in Southern Africa, East Africa and caninariojana.comn H.
heidelbergensis has a several subspecies. The subspecies are Homo heidelbergensis heidelbergensis, Homo heidelbergensis daliensis, Homo heidelbergensis. Is this worth reading - is it True?
On the matter of credibility: On first reading, readers of these pages generally feel amazement, the concept of Blacks being the original settlers, and builders of the first civilizations everywhere, including Europe, is particularly unsettling to them.