Visit Website When Alexander was 13, Philip called on the great philosopher Aristotle to tutor his son. Visit Website Alexander was just 16 when Philip went to battle the Byzantiums and left him in charge of Macedonia. Alexander put his vigor and bravery on display, and his cavalry decimated the Band of Thebes. Alexander Becomes King In B.
After the death of his father, Alexander crushed internal opposition to ensure complete control over Greece, before he began his renowned campaign which resulted in the conquest of the Achaemenid Empire, one of the most powerful empires in history. At the time of his death, the empire of Alexander covered 5.
Furthermore his conquests led to many repercussions including increased contact and trade between the east and the west.
Here are the 10 major accomplishments of Alexander the Great focusing on his glorious military campaign and the qualities that made them possible. This led to the Battle of Chaeronea in BC in Boeotia, central Greece; where Alexander at the young age of 18 played a pivotal role, leading the left wing command to help secure victory for his father.
The cavalry wing led by Alexander annihilated the Sacred Band of Thebes, an elite corps previously regarded as invincible. This victory placed Macedonia in a commanding position in Greece enabling the future adventures of Alexander. The death of Phillip had emboldened many states and tribes; like the Athens, Thessaly and Thebes; to revolt.
Alexander was quick to respond riding with cavalry south to Thessaly forcing them into surrender. These wins was followed by the razing of the city of Thebes, who had revolted again.
These victories finally brought the whole of Greece to accept the rule of Alexander. Within just two years Alexander hence ensured complete control over Greece to concentrate his efforts on Asia. It was managed efficiently through centralized bureaucratic administration using Satraps similar to governor of provinces under the King.
As Alexander crossed to Asia a gathering of various Satraps and their forces awaited him at the town of Zelea.
The Battle was fought on the banks of the river Granicus near Troy in modern day Turkey. By fighting on the bank Alexander had minimized the advantage the Persians had in numbers and had rendered their deadly chariots ineffective on soft and muddy soil.
Alexander would continue to use this advantage against the Persians and fight many more battles near river banks. Alexander attacked the left with briskness and, making a hole in the center with his wedge formation, he placed his infantry to strike at the Persian army.
Several high-ranking Persian nobles were killed by Alexander himself or his horse companions. The battle was over soon. By fighting near river Pinarus, Darius had apparently not analyzed his previous defeat.
Alexander was on unfavorable ground and he instructed his infantry to hold a defensive position. This surprised Darius, who elected to change position and attack the infantry of the Greeks. Alexander and his Royal Companions attacked the left side of the Persian army up the hill. Cutting up the enemy on a restrictive terrain generated a quick retreat.
Then Alexander and his elite cavalry led a direct attack on Darius, who was forced to flee. The coastal territories of Palestine, Egypt and Phoenicia were the key.
Alexander was however unwilling to relent and, in January of BC, he started his long siege of Tyre that lasted almost eight month. During this time an uncompromising Alexander built bridges to the island city; employed siege machines; and fought off the Tyrian navy and army; until the fall of the fort.
After the fall of Tyre, Alexander marched south through Jerusalem to set the siege of Gaza which was fortified hill.
The commander of Gaza, Batis, had refused to surrender to Alexander. After three unsuccessful attempts Gaza was finally conquered. The fall of Gaza pushed Alexander into Egypt where he was seen more as a liberator. Here, in BC, he founded the city of Alexandria, which would become the center of Hellenistic culture and commerce in times to come.
Darius III had by now gathered a huge army including the finest cavalry from his eastern satraps. The armies were face to face in the Battle of Gaugamela in present day Kurdistan. The Greek army was divided into two parts: Darius was in the center with the best of his infantry. The Greek phalanx attacked the center of the enemy lines.Nov 09, · Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who—as King of Macedonia and Persia—established the largest empire the ancient world had ever.
Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan. Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (one of Philip's seven. Watch video · Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who—as King of Macedonia and Persia—established the largest empire the .
Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was born on , Pella, Macedonia died June 13, , Babylon, king of Macedonia and the greatest military leader of antiquity. The son of Philip II of. Alexander the Great; Basileus of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic League, There are two different versions of Alexander's death and details of the death differ slightly in each.
Polybius began his Histories by reminding Romans of Alexander's achievements. Published: Tue, 02 May Among the greatest kings and conquerors throughout history, Alexander the Great accomplished a series of great accomplishments.
Leading to conquers and stepping up as king of Macedon, while also being pharaoh of Egypt.